Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is a condition that affects the way the brain processes sensory information. People with SPD may have trouble interpreting and responding to sensory information from their environment, such as touch, sound, and sight. This can make everyday activities, such as getting dressed or going to a loud restaurant, difficult and overwhelming.
Symptoms of SPD can vary widely and may include:
- Over-sensitivity to certain sensations, such as loud noises or certain textures
- Under-sensitivity to sensations, such as not feeling pain or not responding to temperature changes
- Difficulty with motor skills, such as writing or catching a ball
- Trouble with self-regulation, such as difficulty calming down after being over-stimulated
Causes of SPD:
The exact cause of SPD is not known, but it is thought to be related to the way the brain processes sensory information. Some research suggests that there may be a genetic component to the disorder, as it tends to run in families.
If you think you or your child may have SPD, it’s important to talk to a doctor or therapist. They can help determine if SPD is the cause of the symptoms and recommend treatment options.
Treatment for SPD:
Treatment for SPD typically involves a combination of therapies, such as occupational therapy and speech therapy. These therapies can help individuals with SPD learn to interpret and respond to sensory information in a healthy way.
If you or your child has SPD, there are a few strategies that can help make daily life easier:
- Create a calm and predictable environment. This can help reduce sensory overload and make it easier for individuals with SPD to process sensory information.
- Use sensory aids, such as noise-cancelling headphones or weighted blankets, to help regulate sensory input.
- Engage in activities that provide deep pressure input, such as squeezing a stress ball or jumping on a trampoline, to help calm the body and mind.
- Try relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation, to help manage overwhelming sensations.
Sensory processing disorder can make everyday activities difficult and overwhelming. However, with the right treatment and strategies, individuals with SPD can learn to interpret and respond to sensory information in a healthy way. If you think you or your child may have SPD, talk to a doctor or therapist to learn more about treatment options.